Sites of Historical and Cultural Importance in Issyk Kul

September 30th, 2014 Sections: Issyk Kul, Monuments

Although the territory that we now know as Kyrgyzstan has a long and colourful history, unfortunately, there are not that many places where it is visibly evident.  The great Silk Road cities have virtually disappeared and all that remains are archaeological excavations.

A few years ago, the German agency for cooperation, GTZ – it is now called GIZ, conducted a survey of historical sites in the Issyk Kul region.  I think that there plans to extend this to cover other regions of the country, but no further surveys have, unfortunately, been published.

There have, however, also been a couple of surveys of Spiritual sites in the Issyk Kul oblast.

The list of UNESCO recognized World Heritage Sites includes the Suleiman Too Mountain in the city of Osh, and this was joined earlier this year by three of the Silk Road cities in the Chui valley – Nevkat, Suyab and Balasagin, (where the Burana Tower is located).  So far, however, none of the potential candidate sites in the Issyk Kul oblast have been incorporated into the list.

The government has a list of important sites in the Kyrgyz Republic which are considered to be of specific Historical or Cultural importance, and which come under state protection, with nearly 600 entries.

They include sites considered to have specific historical importance, or artistic value – such as Statues, Buildings of architectural significance, Archaeological sites as well as others which are not so easily classified.

Here is an excerpt taken from that list, of the monuments and sites in the Issyk Kul oblast … there are 66 of them … although I have changed the order:  In the official list the sites have been given an ordinal number – the order is, (almost), alphabetical, according to the Cyrillic alphabet, but I have arranged them according to their location – based on their address … so that they can be more easily identified.

A large number of them are Kurgans – ancient burial sites/mounds.

No.

Monument / Site Dates Region Location

204

Burial place 7th century BC to 3rd century AD
and 6th to 10th century
Ak Sai Chellek village
On the Southern and Western edges of the village

206

Ak Kunchur cave Neolithic
6th to 5th centuries BC
Ak Sai Echkillu Tash village
On the banks above the Say Jaz river, 7 km to the East of the village

205

Mausoleum of Kydyr Ake 1993 Ak Sai Kerege Tash village

207

Russian Orthodox Church – recognized as the first to be established in Kyrgyzstan. 1910 Ak Sai Tyoplikluchenka village

214

Petroglyphs No date Djeti Orguz Barskoon village
To the South of the village on the right bank of the River Barskoon

208

Site of the Barskoonskoye settlement 8th to 12th centuries Djeti Orguz Barskoon village
To the North-West of the village

212

Jele Debe burial place 7th to 3rd centuries BC Djeti Orguz Jele Debe village
To the South of the village

215

Memorial to Kyrgyz Philosophers: Sartakye and Tilekmatake 1998 Djeti Orguz Orgochor village

213

 Burial place No date Djeti Orguz Saruu village
On the Southern edge of the village

211

Stones (3) with Tibetan incriptions 13th to 18th centuries Djeti Orguz Tamga River 

210

Tamga Military Sanatoria 1939 Djeti Orguz Tamga village

209

Site of the Nosorskoye settlement 10th to 12th centuries Djeti Orguz Tosor village
On the Western edge of the village

216

Site of the Tosor Settlement Mustiye (?)25 to 20 thousand years BC Djeti Orguz Tosor village
On the Right bank of the Tosor River – 3km tio the South odf the Bishkek-Karakol road

219

Burial place No date Issyk Kul Balykchi
To the North-West of the town

222

The Chalpon Ata open air museum of petroglyphs 1000 BC Issyk Kul Cholpon Ata

218

House in which the writer M Auzzov lived 1959-1960 Issyk Kul Cholpon Ata

221

The Issyk Kul State Historical and Cultural Museum and Park 1990-1994 Issyk Kul Cholpon Ata

228

The Tynystanova Museum 1993 Issyk Kul Chyrpykty village

226

Site of the ancient Korsol Debe settlement (Baisorunskoye, Tashtak) 8th  to 12th centuries Issyk Kul Dzerkynbaevo village
To the North West of the village

217

Mausoleum Kalygupa Bai yylu 1785-1855 Issyk Kul Kara Oi village

227

Tas Korooo Chon Koi Suu 8th to 12th centuries Issyk Kul Kara Oi village

224

Ornok Burial place 7th to 2nd centuries BC Issyk Kul Orkok village

220

 Burial place 5th century BC to 5th century AD Issyk Kul Sary Kamish village
To the North of the village

225

Kirchin Burial place 7th to 2nd centuries BC Issyk Kul Semyenovka village
To the North of the village

223

Petroglyphs on the Northern Shores of Lake Issyk Kul From 1000 BC to 1000 AD Issyk Kul Tamchi village
Chok Tal village
Ornok village
Chon Sary Oi village
Kara Oi village

201

House in which совдел и уревком were accommodated  between 1918 and 1920 1918-1820 Karakol Dzerjinskovo 164

199

Russian Orthodox Church 1882 Karakol Gagarin 10

198

Administration Building End of the 19th Century Karakol Lenin 92

202

House in which, on 1st July 1918, Karakol Soviet Uyezda (an administrative region) 1918
(1st July, 1918)
Karakol Oktabrasaya 7

203

Memorial Complex M. Prezhervalsk 1893-1894 Karakol Pristan Karakol

200

Mosque Start of the 20th Century Karakol Tynystanova 140

235

Ak Olen burial place 1st – 8th centuries Ton Ak Olen village
To the South East of the village

232

House in which lived the Hero of Soviet Labour T. Akmatov 1984 Ton Ak Sai village
Tushtuk Street 13

241

Monument to Semyenov Tienshankiy 1984 Ton Balykchi

237

Kok Bulak burial place 6th – 10th centuries Ton Balykchi
To the North West of the town

229

Ak Olon Paleolithic Ton Balykchi
4 km from the town towards the Southern shore

239

Salamat Bulak – anchorage Paleolithic Ton Balykchi
2.5km to the South of the town

231

Site of the Kan Dobo – ancient settlement 8th – 12th centuries Ton Bokonbaeva village
To the South of the village

238

Orto Tokoi Reservoir dam 1957 Ton Chui River
On the Upper reaches of the river

242

War Memorial – to the fallen in the Second World War (The Great Patriotic War 1941-45) 1975 Ton Kara Koo village

233

Burial place 1st – 5th centuries Ton Kara Shaar village
On the southern side of the village

236

 Burial place No date Ton Kok Moinok
To the South East of the road junction

234

Kara Shaar Burial place 1st – 5th centuries Ton Ottuk village
To the South of the village

240

Tamga – anchorage Muste (?) Ton Tamga village

230

Voz Barmak – anchorage Paleolithic Ton Voz Barmak Tract

258

Burial  place No date Tyup Balykchi tract

245

Burial place 5th century BC – 5th century AD Tyup Chon Sary Bulak tract

244

Ancient burial place (Ishen Ata) 5th–1st centuries BC Tyup Dzhenenaty tract
Between Belovodskoye and Frunze villages

254

Burial place No date Tyup Dzhiluu Bulak village
To the West of the village

259

Burial place No date Tyup Eki Bash tract

246

 Burial place No date Tyup Ichka Suu River
On the upper reaches of the river

247

 Burial place No date Tyup Ichka Suu village
0.5km to the West of the village

248

 Burial place No date Tyup Ichka Suu village
To the South West of the village

260

 Burial place No date Tyup Karkira River
On the left banks of the river

255

 Burial place No date Tyup Ken Suu village
To the West of the village

251

 Burial place No date Tyup Koochy village
To the North West of the village

252

 Burial place No date Tyup Korumdu village
To the North of the village

253

 Burial place 7th-8th century Tyup Korumdu village
To the South of the village

243

Site of the Kurmentinskoye settlement 10th-12th centuries Tyup Kurmentinskoye Warfe

257

Burial place No date Tyup San Tash Pass

263

San Tash Burial place 8th century BC – 3rd century AD Tyupe San Tash Pass
On the right bank of the River Tyup

261

Site of an ancient settlement 9th-12th centuries Tyup San Tash Valley
On the left bank of the river Tyup

256

 Burial place No date Tyup Tabylgati River Basin

249

 Burial place No date Tyup Taldy Suu village
To the North of the village

250

 Burial place No date Tyup Taldy Suu village
2km to the East of the village

262

Orthodox Church Start of the 20th century Tyup Tyup village

 

 

 

 

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